The history and main characteristics of torpedos

Sovetskie Yadernye Torpedy T i T-5 Peter Ulyakina T Nuclear torpedo The author of the idea of a super-power nuclear torpedoes is considered to Andrei Sakharov, who offered to be used as a "means of delivery" powerful nuclear charge megatons! This is confirmed by his own memories. These torpedoes were to be used against naval bases in the United States, as well as to strike the city located on the coast although against the latter option were many people, including sailors.

The history and main characteristics of torpedos

If it failed in this, then it failed in its mission. And the weapon of choice of U-boat commanders is the torpedo, for which there is no other alternative during a submerged attack.

They were both technologically sophisticated, and yet unreliable. During the First World War, standard U-boat torpedoes were driven by an alcohol fueled engine which possessed good characteristics of speed and range.

The contact detonators used on these torpedoes were also of simple design, making them mechanically reliable. All the U-boat commander had to do was to calculate the right torpedo firing solution, and if he fired it right, then he could count on it that the eel would run true to its course.

However, two main drawbacks existed from the World War One torpedoes. First, the alcohol fuel engine left a telltale trail of bubbles on its way to its target. This could alert a watchful lookout and give the enemy time to perform evasive maneuvers. Second, the contact detonator, although mechanically reliable, was designed for the torpedo to explode on impact with the side of the ship.

Articles: Faulty Torpedoes - The German Crisis

Often it would take more than one torpedo to sink its target, and if the opportunity did not present itself, then the ship often managed to limp back to port.

The torpedo wake not only left a telltale sign of the attack, but also gave away the position of the attacking U-boat. World War 2 torpedoes were quite fickle.

They had to be pulled from their tubes and serviced every two or three days. Between the wars, German scientists worked to improve their torpedoes, so that it would not leave a visible trail of bubbles and where it would take just one torpedo to sink a ship.

Even the Allies had no knowledge that the Germans had successfully developed a wakeless electrically powered torpedo until remnants of it were found at the wreck site of HMS Royal Oak, sunk in the daring attack of Scapa Flow. The new battery powered motor meant that no exhaust gases were expelled, and the magnetic detonator was designed to travel under the keel of a ship and then detonate.

Not only the propulsion system and firing mechanisms were new, in fact almost every part of the G7e torpedo was redesigned.

The history and main characteristics of torpedos

When war broke out in SeptemberGermany was poised to strike at the western powers with new weapons and technologies.

For the U-boat Force, it was their new submarines and the newly developed torpedoes.

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Although it sounded promising, but when the U-boats began the offensive, the results of the new torpedo was disappointing. Many commanders began to relate accounts of torpedo failures.

In fact, one of the earliest torpedo failures took place on September 14 during an encounter with the Ark Royal. Gerhard Glattes of the U chanced upon the most formidable and modern aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy, sailing alone and into the crosshairs of his periscope.

She had turned into the wind to launch aircraft and as a result, had fallen four miles astern of her destroyers. Glattes fired a fan of three torpedoes at the carrier. All three detonated prematurely. Now alerted of the presence of a U-boat, her destroyers rushed to the scene and depth charged and sank U through a series of coordinated attacks.

The U was the first U-boat to be lost in the war.

The Torpedo Directorate dismissed initial reports citing inexperience and incorrect settings of the torpedoes. During the attack on Scapa Flow, Prien reported that his first salvo of three torpedoes fired from the bow and one from the stern resulted in only one explosion.

Worse yet, the third torpedo detonated prematurely and alerted the escorts. Zahn was so demoralized by the incident that Donitz granted him extended leave upon his return. As drew to a close, at least 25 percent of all shots fired had been torpedo failures.

After merely a week on the job, Kummetz telephoned Donitz and reported that he had proved beyond doubt that the torpedoes were defective in several ways. Even then, acknowledging the problem was only the first step.The main weapon used by British soldiers in the trenches was the bolt-action rifle.

15 rounds could be fired in a minute and a person 1, meters away could be killed. WW1 Weapons: Machine Gun Machine guns needed men to work them and had to be on a flat surface. A Brief History of U.S.

Navy Torpedo Development, sometimes called OP W or TD This report covers the growth/development of the "auto-mobile" or self-propelled torpedo in the U.S.

The history and main characteristics of torpedos

Navy from torpedo inception in Europe by Robert Whitehead in up to and including Torpedo Mk 48 of The submarine torpedo inventory of consisted of Torpedo Mk 7 (inch tubes), Torpedo Mk 9 (converted from battleship torpedoes), and Torpedo Mk 10 (developed about ).

The development of the Torpedo Mk 14 during the decade following provided a inch modern steam torpedo with a two-speed/range capability and a large warhead. Early German torpedoes, or eel driven by an alcohol fueled engine which possessed good characteristics of speed and amphibious assault in German history.

The History of the Torpedo and the Relevance to Today‚ĄĘs U.S. Navy By Russell Thomas The torpedo is a descendant of the floating mine. To . Pre-World War I Torpedo boats and World War I U-boats: Date Of Design: Page History. 21 April Main resources Naval Weapons. The submarine torpedo inventory of consisted of Torpedo Mk 7 (inch tubes), Torpedo Mk 9 (converted from battleship torpedoes), and Torpedo Mk 10 (developed about ). The development of the Torpedo Mk 14 during the decade following provided a inch modern steam torpedo with a two-speed/range capability and a large warhead.

Early German torpedoes, or eel (Aal=eel) as it was popularly known were a combination of two worlds. They were both technologically sophisticated, and yet unreliable. During the First World War, standard U-boat torpedoes were driven by an alcohol fueled engine which possessed good characteristics of speed and range.

The History of supercavitation With the growing speed of airplanes it became more and more difficult to guarantee the steering of torpedos Characteristics of.

What are the Characteristics of Torpedo?